Before 1979, there existed only a Transportation Unit in the planning division of the old Ministry of Works and Planning.
Under the administration of Alhaji Lateef Jakande, the explosive growth of traffic in the metropolis posed logistic challenges that could no longer be served by a sub-stratum of the Ministry. This led to the creation of a full-fledged Ministry of Transportation in Lagos State. There were two objectives for setting up the Ministry:
- To set up a centralized transit system within the metropolis
- To tackle the chaotic transportation problems in the state.
In 1984, under the administration of Governor Gbolahan Mudasiru, the Ministry of Transportation was merged with the Ministry of Works and became the Ministry of Works and Transport. In 1994, it was separated under the Oyinlola Administration and named Ministry of Public Transportation. At the inception of the administration of Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu, the name of the Ministry was changed to Ministry of Transportation and from then, the Ministry began to reflect the contemporary realities and the vision of the present administration as regards bequeathing Lagosians with an efficient and effective transport system.
To provide the State with a safe, dynamic, integrated, affordable, diverse and sustainable transport system which supports optimal use of resources, social infrastructure and quality of life.
To ensure affordable and efficient movement of people and goods through a well articulated transport policy, world class rail, air, sea and road transport infrastructure, efficient traffic management and enforcement of traffic regulations, provision of an integrated multi-modal transport system and adherence to global pollution accepted levels/standards and quality of life.